Egenskabsliste
July 7, 2011

flowers2

 

Engelsk liste over egenskaber…

Therapeutic Actions

Adaptogen
Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Atractylodes macrocephala (atractylodes) • Bacopa monnieri (bacopa) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Codonopsis pilosula (codonopsis) • Eleutherococcus senticosus (siberian ginseng) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Withania somnifera (withania)

Aldose reductase inhibitor
Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap)

Alterative
Arctium lappa (burdock) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory) • Galium aparine (clivers) • Hemidesmus indicus (hemidesmus) • Iris versicolor (blue flag) • Juglans cinerea (butternut) • Lamium album (white dead nettle) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Rumex crispus (yellow dock) • Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) • Scrophularia nodosa (figwort) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja) • Trifolium pratense (red clover ) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf) • Urtica dioica radix (nettle root) • Viola tricolor (heartsease)

Anaesthetising to sweet taste buds•
Gymnema silvestre (gymnema)

Analgesis
Anemone pulsatilla (pulsatilla) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Corydalis ambigua (corydalis) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Salix purpurea (willow)

Anodyne
•Anemone pulsatilla (pulsatilla) • Corydalis ambigua (corydalis) • Eschscholtzia californica (californian poppy) • Humulus lupulus (hops) • Passiflora incarnata (passion flower) • Piper methysticum (kava) • Piscidia erythrina (jamaican dogwood) • Salix purpurea (willow)

Antacid
Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet)

Anthelmintic•
Allium sativum (garlic) • Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiallergic
Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) • Tylophora indica (tylophora)

Antiandrogenic
Paeonia lactiflora (peony)
Antiarrhythmic
Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Corydalis ambigua (corydalis) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Withania somnifera (withania)

Antiasthmatic
Adhatoda vasica (adhatoda) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Tylophora indica (tylophora)

Anticatarrhal (lower respiratory tract)
•Bryonia dioica (bryony) • Polygala tenuifolia (polygala) • Salvia officinalis (sage) • Verbascum thapsus (mullein)

Anticatarrhal (upper respiratory tract)
Allium sativum (garlic) • Berberis aristata (indian barberry) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Euphrasia officinalis (eyebright) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Sambucus nigra (elder flowers) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod)

Anticholesterolaemic
•Allium sativum (garlic) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng)

Anticonvulsant
Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Scutellaria lateriflora (skullcap) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Antidepressant•
Avena sativa (green) (oats) • Avena sativa (seed) (oats seed) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) • Turnera diffusa (damiana)

Antiemetic
Ballota nigra (black horehound) • Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon quills) • Mentha x piperita (peppermint) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Antiepileptic
Bacopa monnieri (bacopa) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Piper methysticum (kava) • Polygala tenuifolia (polygala) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian)

Antifibrinolytic
Allium sativum (garlic) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen)

Antifibrotic
Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen)

Antifungal (topically)
•Allium sativum (garlic) • Citrus spp. (citrus seed) • Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw)

Antigalactagogue
•Salvia officinalis (sage) • Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry)

Antihaemorrhagic (systemic)
•Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse) • Equisetum arvense (horsetail) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Trillium erectum (beth root)

Antihaemorrhagic (topically) / styptic
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse) • Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) • Lamium album (white dead nettle) • Plantago major (plantain) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf)

Antihydrotic
•Salvia officinalis (sage) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Antihyperprostatic
Serenoa repens (saw palmetto) • Urtica dioica radix (nettle root)

Anti-inflammatory
•Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Codonopsis pilosula (codonopsis) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) • Withania somnifera (withania)

Anti-inflammatory (circulation)
Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom)

Anti-inflammatory (female reproductive system)
Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony)

Anti-inflammatory (GIT)
Berberis spp (barberry) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Stellaria media (chickweed)

Anti-inflammatory (liver)
Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza)

Anti-inflammatory (musculo-skeletal)
•Apium graveolens (celery seed) • Betula pendula (silver birch) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Guaiacum officinale (guaiacum) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Hemidesmus indicus (hemidesmus) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Salix purpurea (willow) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Viola tricolor (heartsease) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Anti-inflammatory (respiratory tract)
•Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Berberis aristata (indian barberry) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod)

Anti-inflammatory (topically)
•Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Stellaria media (chickweed) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf)

Anti-inflammatory (urinary)
Agropyron repens (couch grass) • Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Betula pendula (silver birch) • Crataeva nurvala (crataeva) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Plantago lanceolata (ribwort) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod) • Zea mays (corn silk)

Antilithic
•Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Crataeva nurvala (crataeva) • Equisetum arvense (horsetail) • Eupatorium purpureum (gravel root) • Tylophora indica (tylophora) • Zea mays (corn silk)

Antimicrobial
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Citrus paradisi (citrus seed extract) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Propolis (propolis) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Tabebuia avellanedae (pau d’arco) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiobesity
•Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng)

Antioedematous
Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut) • Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry)

Antioxidant
•Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Polygonum multiflorum (polygonum) • Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle) • Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw) • Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) • Vitis vinifera (grape seed)

Antiparasitic•
Allium sativum (garlic) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Artemisia annua (chinese wormwood) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Tabebuia impetiginosa (Pau D’Arco) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiplatelet
•Allium sativum (garlic) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Commiphora mol-mol (myrrh) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Salix spp. (willow) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Vaccinium myrtilus (bilberry) • Vitis vinefera (grape seed) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Antipruritic
•Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Stellaria media (chickweed)

Antipruritic (topically)
•Stellaria media (chickweed)

Anti-psoriatic
•Arctium lappa (burdock) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape) • Coleus forskolhii (coleus) • Viola tricolor (heartsease)

Antipyretic
•Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) • Melissa officinalis (lemonbalm) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Salix purpurea (willow) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap)

Antirheumatic
Betula pendula (silver birch) • Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Eupatorium purpureum (gravel root) • Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) • Fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) • Guaiacum officinale (guaiacum) • Juniperus communis (juniper) • Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) • Phytolacca decandra (poke root) • Salix purpurea (willow) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Stellaria media (chickweed) • Taraxacum officinale folia (dandelion leaf) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root) • Viola tricolor (heartsease) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash)

Antiseptic (GIT)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Allium sativum (garlic) • Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) • Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) • Berberis spp (barberry) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Citrus paradisi (citrus seed extract) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Propolis (propolis) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Tabebuia avellanedae (pau d’arco) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiseptic (respiratory tract) • Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Salvia officinalis (sage) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiseptic (topically)
Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Propolis (propolis) • Tabebuia avellanedae (pau d’arco)

Antiseptic (urinary)
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (uva ursi) • Barosma betulina (buchu) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antispasmodic (muscles)
Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Piper methysticum (kava) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian) • Viburnum prunifolium (black haw)

Antispasmodic (respiratory tract)<
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Adhatoda vasica (adhatoda) • Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Drosera longifolia (sundew) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Grindelia camporum (grindelia) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Inula racemosa (inula) • Prunus serotina (wild cherry) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antispasmodic (uterus)
Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Inula racemosa (inula) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Viburnum prunifolium (black haw)

Antitussive
Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Humulus lupulus (hops) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Prunus serotina (wild cherry) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Antiulcerogenic (GIT)
Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Propolis (propolis)

Antiviral (systemically)
Allium sativum (garlic) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Phyllanthus amarus (phyllanthus) • Propolis (propolis) • Tabebuia avellanedae (pau d’arco) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja) • Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw)

Antiviral (topically)
Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm)

Anxiolytic
Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Piper methysticum (kava)

Aperient
Arctium lappa (burdock) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory)

Appetite inhibiting
Gymnema silvestre (gymnema)

Aromatic
Anethum graveolens (dill) • Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Foeniculum vulgare (fennel)

Astringent
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Agrimonia eupatoria (agrimony) • Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (uva ursi) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Commiphora mol-mol (myrrh) • Equisetum arvense (horsetail) • Euphrasia officinalis (eyebright) • Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) • Galium aparine (clivers) • Geranium maculatum (cranesbill) • Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy) • Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) • Lamium album (white dead nettle) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Myrica cerifera (bayberry) • Nepeta cataria (catmint) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Rubus idaeus (raspberry) • Vitis vinifera (grape seed)

Astringents, uterine
Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse) • Geranium maculatum (cranesbill) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf)

Bitter tonic / digestive
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Agrimonia eupatoria (agrimony) • Aletris farinosa (true unicorn root) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort) • Atractylodes macrocephala (atractylodes) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Cnicus benedictus (blessed thistle) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Gentiana lutea (gentian) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Hydratis canadensis (golden seal) • Marrubium vulgare (white horehound) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root) • Zingiber officinalis (ginger)

Bladder tonic
Crataeva nurvala (crataeva)

Blood sugar regulating
Codonopsis pilosula (codonopsis) • Galega officinalis (goat’s rue) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Gymnema silvestre (gymnema) • Phyllanthus amarus (phyllanthus)

Blood tonic
Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Codonopsis pilosula (codonopsis) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Withania somnifera (withania)

Bronchodilator
Adhatoda vasica (adhatoda) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Inula racemosa (elecampagne)

CAMP stimulant
Coleus forskohlii (coleus)

Cardioprotective
Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Corydalis ambigua (corydalis) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Inula racemosa (inula) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen)

Cardiotonic
Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng)

Carminative
Anethum graveolens (dill) • Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon quills) • Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Mentha x piperita (peppermint) • Nepeta cataria (catmint) • Pimpinella anisum (aniseed)

Cholagogue
Agrimonia eupatoria (agrimony) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) • Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory) • Gentiana lutea (gentian) • Iris versicolor (blue flag) • Juglans cinerea (butternut) • Peumus boldus (boldo) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Rumex crispus (yellow dock) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root) • Verbena officinalis (vervain)

Choleretic
• Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Mentha x piperita (peppermint) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Circulatory stimulant •
Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Armoracia rusticana (horseradish) • Avena sativa (seed) (oats seed) • Capsicum spp. (cayenne, chili) • Cola vera (kola nut) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Ment
ha pulegium (pennyroyal) • Myrica cerifera (bayberry) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash)

Circulatory stimulant (cerebral blood flow) •
Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle)

Cognition enhancer •
Bacopa monnieri (bacopa) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle)

Connective tissue regenerator •
Centella asiatica (gotu kola)

Decongestant •
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish) • Capsicum spp. (cayenne, chili)

Demulcent •
Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Drosera longifolia (sundew) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Plantago lanceolata (ribwort) • Plantago major (plantain) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) • Verbascum thapsus (mullein) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Demulcent (urinary)
• Agropyron repens (couch grass) • Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Zea mays (corn silk)

Depurative
• Arctium lappa (burdock) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Hemidesmus indicus (hemidesmus) • Iris versicolor (blue flag) • Juglans cinerea (butternut) • Lamium album (white dead nettle) • Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) • Scrophularia nodosa (figwort) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja) • Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Diaphoretic
• Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Bryonia dioica (bryony) • Capsicum spp. (cayenne, chili) • Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) • Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Mentha x piperita (peppermint) • Nepeta cataria (catmint) • Sambucus nigra (elder flowers) • Tilia spp. (lime tree) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Digestive tonic
• Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Agrimonia eupatoria (agrimony) • Aletris farinosa (true unicorn root) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort) • Atractylodes macrocephala (atractylodes) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Cnicus benedictus (blessed thistle) • Coleus forshohlii (coleus) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Gentiana lutea (gentian) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Marrubium vulgare (white horehound) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root)

Diuretic
• Apium graveolens (celery seed) • Betula pendula (silver birch) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Eupatorium purpureum (gravel root) • Juniperus communis (juniper) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod) • Taraxacum officinale folia (dandelion leaf) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root) • Tilia spp. (lime tree) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf)

Emmenagogue •
Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Mentha pulegium (pennyroyal) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja)

Emollient •
Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Stellaria media (chickweed)

Expectorant (general)
• Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) • Plantago lanceolata (ribwort) • Trifolium pratense (red clover ) • Verbascum thapsus (mullein) • Viola odorata (violet leaves) • Viola tricolor (heartsease) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Expectorant (relaxing)
• Adhatoda vasica (adhatoda) • Euphorbia hirta (euphorbia) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Marrubium vulgare (white horehound) • Thymus vulgaris (thyme)

Expectorant (stimulating) •
Angelica archangelica (archangelica) • Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Grindelia camporum (grindelia) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Polygala tenuifolia (polygala) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja)

Febrifuge
• Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Artemisia annua (chinese wormwood) • Asclepias tuberosa (pleurisy root) • Bryonia dioica (bryony) • Capsicum spp. (cayenne, chili) • Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) • Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop) • Inula helenium (elecampane) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Mentha x piperita (peppermint) • Nepeta cataria (catmint) • Salix purpurea (willow) • Sambucus nigra (elder flowers) • Tilia spp. (lime tree) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Galactagogue
• Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) • Galega officinalis (goat’s rue) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) • Verbena officinalis (vervain) • Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Genito-urinary astringent •
Equisetum arvense (horsetail)

Haemostatic
• Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) • Polygonum bistorta (bistort) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf) • Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle) • Vitis vinifera (grape seed)

Hepatoprotective•
Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Phyllanthus amarus (phyllanthus) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle)

Hepatorestorative •
Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle)

HepatotoniC•
Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Berberis vulgaris (barberry) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Peumus boldus (boldo) • Phyllanthus amarus (phyllanthus) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Silybum marianum (St. Mary’s thistle) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root)

Hypnotic •
Eschscholtzia californica (californian poppy) • Humulus lupulus (hops) • Passiflora incarnata (passion flower) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Hypocholesterolaemic •
Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Allium sativum (garlic) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Cynara scolymus (globe ar
tichoke) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Polygonum multiflorum (polygonum)

Hypoglycaemic •
Galega officinalis (goat’s rue) • Gymnema silvestre (gymnema) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Phyllanthus amarus (phyllanthus) • Stevia rebaudiana (stevia) • Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek)

Hypolipidaemic • Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Allium sativum (garlic) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Curcuma longa (turmeric) • Cynara scolymus (globe artichoke) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Panax notoginseng (tienchi ginseng) • Polygonum multiflorum (polygonum)

Hypotensive •
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Allium sativum (garlic) • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Inula racemosa (inula) • Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Stevia rebaudiana (stevia) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian) • Viburnum prunifolium (black haw) • Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle) • Viscum album (mistletoe) • Withania somnifera (withania) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian regulator •
Chamaelirium luteum (false unicorn root) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Trillium erectum (beth root) • Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Hypouricaemic •
Apium graveolens (celery seed) • Betula pendula (silver birch) • Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Eupatorium purpureum (gravel root) • Juniperus communis (juniper) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod) • Taraxacum officinale folia (dandelion leaf) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root) • Tilia spp. (lime tree) • Urtica dioica folia (nettle leaf)

Immunodepressant •
Albizia lebbeck (albizia) • Hemidesmus indicus (hemidesmus) • Tylophora indica (tylophora)

Immunostimulant • Andrographis paniculata (andrographis) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) • Codonopsis pilosula (codonopsis) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Eleutherococcus senticosus (siberian ginseng) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Phytolacca decandra (poke root) • Picrorrhiza kurroa (picrorrhiza) • Propolis (propolis) • Tabebuia avellanedae (pau d’arco) • Thuja occidentalis (thuja) • Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw)

Laxative •
Aloe barbadensis (aloes resin) • Cassia senna (senna pod) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Iris versicolor (blue flag) • Juglans cinerea (butternut) • Rhamnus purshiana (cascara) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Rumex crispus (yellow dock) • Taraxacum officinale radix (dandelion root)

Lipogenesis- & lipoxygenation-inhibiting •
Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape )

Lymphatic •
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Galium aparine (clivers) • Iris versicolor (blue flag) • Phytolacca decandra (poke root)

Male tonic •
Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Serenoa repens (saw palmetto) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Turnera diffusa (damiana)

Menstrual cycle regulator •
Chamaelirium luteum (false unicorn root) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Metabolic stimulant •
Armoracia rusticana (horseradish) • Capsicum spp. (cayenne, chili) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash) • Zingiber officinale (ginger)

Migraine prophylactic •
Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew)

Mucolytic
Allium sativum (garlic)

Nerve stimulant •
Camellia sinensis (green tea) • Cola vera (kola nut) • Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)

Nervine tonic •
Avena sativa (green) (oats) • Avena sativa (seed) (oats seed) • Bacopa monnieri (bacopa) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Polygonum multiflorum (polygonum) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Scutellaria lateriflora (skullcap) • Turnera diffusa (damiana) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian) • Verbena officinalis (vervain)

Oestrogen receptor modulating •
Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Chamaelirium luteum (false unicorn root) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) • Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Trillium erectum (beth root) • Verbena officinalis (vervain) • Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Orexigenic •
Foeniculum vulgare (fennel)

Oxytocic •
Adhatoda vasica (adhatoda) • Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal)

PAF inhibitor
• Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)

Pancreatic trophorestorative •
Berberis aquifolium (oregon grape ) • Gymnema silvestre (gymnema)

Partus praeparator •
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Rubus idaeus (raspberry) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra)
Post partum tonic •
Mitchella repens (squaw vine)

Preservative in creams and cosmetic preparations •
Citrus paradisi (citrus seed extract)

Prolactin inhibitor •
Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Purgative •
Rhamnus purshiana (cascara) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Rumex crispus (yellow dock)

Renal tonic •
Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Solidago virgaurea (golden rod)

Renalprotective •
Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Rehmannia glutinosa (rehmannia) • Rheum palmatum (rhubarb)

Sedative (various organ systems) •
Anemone pulsatilla (pulsatilla) • Bacopa monnieri (bacopa) • Bal
lota nigra (black horehound) • Chamomilla recutita (chamomile) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Corydalis ambigua (corydalis) • Eschscholtzia californica (californian poppy) • Humulus lupulus (hops) • Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop) • Lavandula angustifolia (lavender) • Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Nepeta cataria (catmint) • Paeonia lactiflora (peony ) • Passiflora incarnata (passion flower) • Peumus boldus (boldo) • Piper methysticum (kava) • Piscidia erythrina (jamaican dogwood) • Polygala tenuifolia (polygala) • Prunus serotina (wild cherry) • Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) • Scutellaria baicalensis (baical skullcap) • Scutellaria lateriflora (skullcap) • Tilia spp. (lime tree) • Valeriana officinalis (valerian) • Verbena officinalis (vervain) • Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle) • Viscum album (mistletoe) • Withania somnifera (withania) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Sialogogue •
Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Gentiana lutea (gentian) • Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (prickly ash)

Stomachic • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory) • Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Juniperus communis (juniper) • Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) • Rosa canina (rosehips) • Turnera diffusa (damiana) • Zizyphus spinosa (zizyphus)

Taste improver •
Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) • Stevia rebaudiana (stevia)

Thymoleptic •
Panax ginseng (korean ginseng)

Thyroid stimulant •
Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) Tonic • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Avena sativa (green) (oats) • Avena sativa (seed) (oats seed) • Bupleurum falcatum (bupleurum) • Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ginseng) • Fumaria officinalis (fumitory) • Panax ginseng (korean ginseng) • Smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) • Withania somnifera (withania)

Uterine tonic •
Alchemilla vulgaris (ladies mantle ) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) • Chamaelirium luteum (false unicorn root) • Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) • Hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Schisandra chinensis (schizandra) • Trillium erectum (beth root) • Vitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)

Vasodilator •
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) • Allium sativum (garlic) • Angelica sinensis (dong quai) • Coleus forskohlii (coleus) • Crataegus monogyna (hawthorn) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Harpagophytum procumbens (devil’s claw) • Olea europaea (olive leaves) • Salvia miltiorrhiza (dan shen) • Stevia rebaudiana (stevia) • Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) • Tilia spp. (lime tree)

Vasoprotective •
Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry) • Vitis vinefera (grape seed)

Venotonic •
Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut) • Arnica montana (arnica) • Dioscorea spp. (wild yam) • Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) • Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) • Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) • Vitis vinifera (grape seed)

Vulnerary •
Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) • Arnica montana (arnica) • Astragalus membranaceus (astragalus) • Calendula officinalis (calendula) • Centella asiatica (gotu kola) • Chamomille recutita (chamomile) • Echinacea spp. (echinacea) • Geranium maculatum (cranesbill) • Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy) • Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) • Lamium album (white dead nettle) • Mitchella repens (squaw vine) • Plantago lanceolata (ribwort) • Propolis (propolis) • Stellaria media (chickweed) • Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw) • Verbascum thapsus (mullein)

 

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