Dioscorea villosa



Dansk navn: Mexicansk Yams
Engelsk navn: Wild Yam

Familie: Dioscoreaceae
Droge: Rod


Slyngplante med kartoffellignende rødder og hjerteformede blade. Vokser i fugtige skovegne i Guatemala.


Aktive indholdsstoffer
2.0% steroide saponiner (bl.a. sapogeninet dioscin, som omdannes til det steroide saponin diosgenin), alkaloider, harpiks, garvestoffer. (1, 6)


Krampeløsnende, mildt sveddrivende, inflammationshæmmende (indre organer), antireumatisk, galdedrivende2, beroligende (autonome nervesystem), østrogeneffekt. (3)


Inflammation og kramper i de kvindelige kønsorganer, menstruationssmerter, andre krampesmerter, symptomer i forbindelse med klimakteriet (hedestigninger m.v.). (3) Buerger’s sygdom (inflammationsagtig karsygdom specielt i ekstremiteterne) (4), forstoppelse, tarmkolik, muskelsmerter, reumatisk gigt. (4)


Ingen kendte.


Ingen bivirkninger ved anbefalet dosering.


Ingen giftvirkninger ved anbefalet dosering.


Tørret droge: 2-4 g tre gange daglig. (2) Ekstrakt (1:2) i 45% alkohol: 20‑40 ml ugentlig. (5)


Dioscorea villosa kan blandes med andre krampeløsnende urter (Chamomilla recutita, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Piper methysticum, Valeriana arter, Viburnum opulus), urter med styrkende indvirkninger på de kvindelige kønsorganer (Angelica sinensis, Chamaelirium luteum, Trillium erectum), og urter der virker menstruations-regulerende.


1. Bone, K., Burgess, N., McLeod, D., How To Prescribe Herbal Medicines, 2.ed. Warwick: MediHerb Ltd., (1992) s. 35 2. British Herbal Medicine Association’s Scientific Committee, British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, West Yorks: BHMA, (1983) S. 79 3. Bone, K., The Modern Phytotherapist, Vol.1, No.2, Summer 1995 4. Mills, S.,The Essential Book of Herbal Medicine, Middlesex, England: Penguin Arkana, (1993) 5. MediHerb, 31st May 1995 Dose Report, ikke udgivet 6. Bone, K, Endagered Herbs- Seeking out Alternatives, The Modern Phytotherapist, vol.2, 3, (1996)


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