Rehmannia glutinosa

 

Synonym: Rehmannia chinensis
Engelsk navn: Chinese Foxglove
Kinesisk navn: Di‑huang

Familie: Scrophulariaceae
Droge: Rod

 

 

Beskrivelse
Flerårig plante, op til 30 cm høj, med gule eller brunlilla blomster. Vokser i bjergegne, på marker og ved vejkanter, almindelig overalt i Kina. Den tørrede rod er sød og bitter.

 

Aktive indholdsstoffer
Iridoide glykosider bl.a. jioglutosider, rehmaglutiner, monoterpener (jioglu tiner) og jionosider A 1 og B 1.(1)

 

Farmakologi
Kliniske forsøg med en blanding af Rehmannia glutinosa og Astragalus membranaceus viste, at urterne er effektive i behandlingen af kronisk nefritis. Dyreforsøg har vist, at urterne har antiallergiske egenskaber.(5) Andre kliniske forsøg har vist, at Rehmannia glutinosa hjælper mod rheumatisk gigt, astma og nældefeber.(6)

 

Egenskaber
Feberstillende, blodstillende, inflammationshæmmende, styrker binyrerne og hæmmer nedbrydningen af kroppens kortisol(1, 2), hjertestyrkende, vanddrivende, blodstillende, blodsukkersænkende.(3)

 

Traditionelle egenskaber: Sød, bitter og kold. Feberstillende, yin‑nærende, blodstillende og fjerner “for meget varme” fra blodet. Anvendes imod tør mund, tør hoste og nattesved, hududslæt, sukkersyge, feber og blødninger. Rehmannia glutinosa er Kinas vigtigste urt i behandlingen af nyre‑ og binyresygdomme.(1-3)

 

Indikationer

  • Binyrebarken: Rehmannia glutinosa modvirker kortison-medikamenters hæmmende virkning på kroppens egen produktion af binyrebarkhormoner og hæmmer kroppens nedbrydning af kortisol og anvendes derfor i tilfælde af stress og i sygdomme, der behandles med kortison (fremmer effekten og hjælper aftrapningen). Blandes ofte med Glycyrrhiza glabra.(1, 2) Kan muligvis nedsætte doseringen af kortisonmedikamenter.
  • Betændelse: Anvendes i behandlingen af inflammationstilstande, der involverer immunsystemet, f.eks. allergier, astma, podagra og autoimmune sygdomme (bl.a. leddegigt).(1, 2)
  • Blødninger: Blødninger som f.eks. blod i urinen og blødning udenfor menstruationen.(1, 2)
  • Traditionelle indikationer: Lumbago med “nyre-energi”-underskud (Rehmannia glutinosa fornyrer nyrenes “vital energi”), hoste, feber, diabetes, dårlig hørelse, blødning fra livmoderen, svimmelhed, øresusen, uregelmæssig menstruation.(3)

 

Kontraindikationer
Bør ikke bruges i tilfælde af “kold” fordøjelse med tynd afføring.(3)

 

Bivirkninger
Kan i visse tilfælde forårsage mild ødem.(2)

 

Toksicitet
Ingen giftvirkninger ved anbefalet dosering.

 

Dosering
Tørret droge: 1‑2 g daglig.(2) Ekstrakt (1:2) i 25% alkohol: 30‑60 ml ugentlig.(4)

 

Kombinationsforslag
Rehmannia glutinosa kan blandes med Glycyrrhiza glabra, Hemidesmus indicus, Bupleurum falcatum og Tanacetum parthenium i behandlingen af kronisk inflammation, autoimmune sygdomme og migræne.

 

Referencer
1. Bone, K., Burgess, N., McLeod, D., How To Prescribe Herbal Medicines, 2.ed. Warwick: MediHerb Ltd., (1992) 2. Bone, K., Post Graduate Course in Phytotherapy, Warwick: MediHerb (1990) 3. Foster, S., Chongxi, Y., Herbal Emissaries, Vermont Healing Arts Press (1992), s. 127-134 4. MediHerb, 31st May 1995 Dose Report, ikke udgivet 5. Su, z et alChung-Kuo Chung Hsi I Chienh Ho Tsa Chin, 13, s. 259, 269, (1993) 6. Bone, K Chinese and Ayurvedic Herbs, Warwick: MediHerb, (1995)

 

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