Cynara scolymus

artiskok2

 

Dansk navn: Artiskok
Engelsk navn: Globe Artichoke
Tysk navn: Artiscocke

Familie: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Droge: Blade, stængel, rod

 

Beskrivelse
1,5 m høj artiskokplante.

 

Aktive indholdsstoffer
0,5-4,5% bitre sesquiterpen lactoner bl.a. cynaropicrin, flavonoider (lutein derivater), kumariner, fenolsyre derivater. (1)

 

Egenskaber
Galdedrivende, galdestimulerende, beskytter mod levertoksiner, helbreder leverceller, bitter tonic, nedsætter blodlipider og kolesterol, vanddrivende, blodrensende. (1)

 

Indikationer

  • Mavetarm: Leversygdomme, gulsot, galdesten, forebyggelse og behandling for arbejdere, der har kontakt med levertoksiner som f.eks. sprøjtemaling og tøjrensnings væske. Diverticulitis. Fordøjelsesbesvær. Forhøjede blodlipider og kolesterol, overvægt. Allergier. (1)
  • Nyre: Mild nyresvigt. (1)
  • Ophobning af affaldsstoffer: Hudsygdomme. Gigt, reumatisme. Kraftig kropslugt. (1)

 

Kontraindikationer
Ingen kendte.

 

Bivirkninger
Forsigtighed bør udvises ved brug af galdedrivende midler i tilfælde af galdesten.

 

Toksicitet
Ingen giftvirkninger ved anbefalet dosering.

 

Dosering
Ekstrakt (1:2) i 25% alkohol: 15‑30 ml ugentlig. (2)

 

Kombinationsforslag
Kan blandes med Bupleurum falcatum, Silybum marianum, Taraxacum officinalis, Astragalus membranaceus og andre urter med virkning på leveren.

 

Referencer
1. Bone, K., MediHerb Professional Newsletter, Nov. (1994) 2. MediHerb, 31st May 1995 Dose Report, ikke udgivet

 

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