Cynara scolymus



Dansk navn: Artiskok
Engelsk navn: Globe Artichoke
Tysk navn: Artiscocke

Familie: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Droge: Blade, stængel, rod


1,5 m høj artiskokplante.


Aktive indholdsstoffer
0,5-4,5% bitre sesquiterpen lactoner bl.a. cynaropicrin, flavonoider (lutein derivater), kumariner, fenolsyre derivater. (1)


Galdedrivende, galdestimulerende, beskytter mod levertoksiner, helbreder leverceller, bitter tonic, nedsætter blodlipider og kolesterol, vanddrivende, blodrensende. (1)



  • Mavetarm: Leversygdomme, gulsot, galdesten, forebyggelse og behandling for arbejdere, der har kontakt med levertoksiner som f.eks. sprøjtemaling og tøjrensnings væske. Diverticulitis. Fordøjelsesbesvær. Forhøjede blodlipider og kolesterol, overvægt. Allergier. (1)
  • Nyre: Mild nyresvigt. (1)
  • Ophobning af affaldsstoffer: Hudsygdomme. Gigt, reumatisme. Kraftig kropslugt. (1)


Ingen kendte.


Forsigtighed bør udvises ved brug af galdedrivende midler i tilfælde af galdesten.


Ingen giftvirkninger ved anbefalet dosering.


Ekstrakt (1:2) i 25% alkohol: 15‑30 ml ugentlig. (2)


Kan blandes med Bupleurum falcatum, Silybum marianum, Taraxacum officinalis, Astragalus membranaceus og andre urter med virkning på leveren.


1. Bone, K., MediHerb Professional Newsletter, Nov. (1994) 2. MediHerb, 31st May 1995 Dose Report, ikke udgivet


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